CHAMBÉRY

CHAMBÉRY
CHAMBÉRY (Heb. קנבארי), town in S.E. France, formerly capital of the duchy of Savoy. Jews are mentioned there from the beginning of the 14th century. They were not then living in the present Rue Juiverie, but in the nearby Rue Trésorerie. They were sufficiently numerous to figure not infrequently in criminal cases. In 1348, the Jews in the district, chiefly those living in nearby Montmélian, were accused of having spread the black death , and imprisoned in Chambéry. Anti-Jewish riots followed, for which four of the ringleaders were executed; but at the ensuing trial, 11 Jews were condemned to death and burned at the stake. Nevertheless the town continued to employ the services of a Jewish physician, Maître Palmière, from 1349 and another from 1396 to 1402 and in 1418. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the community was known for its scholars, among them joseph colon . During the 18th century, the interests of individual Jews temporarily residing in Chambéry were protected by the community of Turin. During World War II, a large number of Jews found refuge in Chambéry. In September, 1943, they were evacuated to the department of Alpes-Maritimes. The small community in Chambéry in 1968 numbered 120, the majority from North Africa. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Perousse, Le Vieux Chambéry (1937), 20ff.; Gross, Gal Jud, 597f.; Gerson, in: rej, 8 (1884), 241–2; Z. Szajkowski, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 257. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chambery — Chambéry Chambéry Vue panoramique de la ville de Chambéry Détail …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chambéry — Chambèri Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chambéry — Chambéry …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chambery — Chambéry …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chambéry — • In 1467, in the ducal chapel built for the Holy Winding Sheet (Santo Sudario) by Amadeus IX, duke of Savoy, and the Duchess Yolande of France, Paul II erected a chapter directly subject to the Holy See, and his successor Sixtus IV, united this… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CHAMBÉRY — Il y a dans la géographie et dans l’histoire de Chambéry des éléments contradictoires. Bien placée par rapport aux grandes voies intra alpines (entre la Tarentaise et le Petit Saint Bernard, entre la Maurienne et le Mont Cenis), elle est murée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Chambery — Chambery, die Hauptstadt des Herzogthums Savoyen, in einer reizenden Hochebene, umgeben von Bergen, deren Abhänge mit Landhäusern geschmückt sind, und welches Chateaubriand mit einem arkadischen Gebirge verglich, zählt 12,000 Einwohner, und ist… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Chambery — (spr. Schangberi), 1) Provinz im sardinischen Herzogthum Savoyen, an das französische Departement Isère grenzend; hat 30 QM. mit 152,500 Ew. 2) Hauptstadt hier, am Einflusse der Laisse in die Albane (mit 220 Fuß hohem Wasserfall), Ausmündungsort… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chambéry — (spr. schang ), früher Hauptstadt des Herzogtums, gegenwärtig des franz. Depart. Savoyen, an der Laisse und der Albane, zwischen Gärten und Landhäusern in einem weiten, von Bergen umkränzten Tal (269 m ü. M.). Knotenpunkt an der Eisenbahn von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chambéry — (spr. schang ; ital. Ciamberi, spr. tscham ), Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Savoie, (1901) 22.108 E.; das Landhaus »Les Charmettes« durch Rousseau berühmt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”